Hubble Space Telescope images of M17

[Portion of M17, HST WFPC2]

Hubble Captures a Perfect Storm of Turbulent Gases

Resembling the fury of a raging sea, this image actually shows a bubbly ocean of glowing hydrogen gas and small amounts of other elements such as oxygen and sulfur.

The photograph, taken by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, captures a small region within M17, a hotbed of star formation. M17, also known as the Omega or Swan Nebula, is located about 5,500 light-years away in the constellation Sagittarius. The image is being released to commemorate the thirteenth anniversary of Hubble's launch on April 24, 1990.

The wave-like patterns of gas have been sculpted and illuminated by a torrent of ultraviolet radiation from young, massive stars, which lie outside the picture to the upper left. The glow of these patterns accentuates the three-dimensional structure of the gases. The ultraviolet radiation is carving and heating the surfaces of cold hydrogen gas clouds. The warmed surfaces glow orange and red in this photograph. The intense heat and pressure cause some material to stream away from those surfaces, creating the glowing veil of even hotter greenish gas that masks background structures. The pressure on the tips of the waves may trigger new star formation within them.

The image, roughly 3 light-years across, was taken May 29-30, 1999, with the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2. The colors in the image represent various gases. Red represents sulfur; green, hydrogen; and blue, oxygen.

Credit: NASA, ESA and J. Hester (ASU)

  • STScI Press Release STScI-2003-13, April 24, 2003
  • ESA press release on this image (24 Apr 2003)

    [Location of M17 HST Pic, AAT]

    Location of above Hubble Space Telescope image within M17, shown on an image taken at the Anglo-Australian Observatory by David Malin.

  • More HST images of M17

    Hartmut Frommert
    Christine Kronberg

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    Last Modification: June 18, 2003