Below follow three images created from b/w film photographs taken by Martin Germano.

[M31/M32, M. Germano]

M32 and parts of M31 (central parts and inner southwest), including the nuclear region of the Andromeda Galaxy. This (elder) b/w film image was obtained by Martin Germano.

[M31/M32, 2002 image, M. Germano]

M31 as photographed by Martin Germano with an 8-inch f/5 Newtonian stopped to f/6 (6.67-inch), exposed 90 minutes on hypered Tech Pan 2415 film. This image of the Great Galaxy in Andromeda is from 1987. This is one of the negatives that was too dark for Martin's old HP scanner, but scans fine on the SprintScan. Although made a little larger than usual (1280 x 779), it is still only one third of the original scan. North is approximately up and slightly right on this image (lower left in the full-size version).

[M32/M31/NGC 206, full field, M. Germano]

Southern and southwestern part of the Andromeda Galaxy M31, showing its bright elliptical copmpanion, M32, as well as star cloud NGC 206 and interesting detail of the Great Galaxy's spiral structure. M32 is the round elliptical Galaxy at the upper left (northeast), NGC 206 is the resolved Star Cloud to the lower right (southwest). M32 is set against the large background spiral Galaxy M31, while NGC 206 is part of a spiral arm of M31.

Martin Germano took this image with his 14.5-inch f/5 Newtonian, stopped to f/6 (12-inch), a 130-minutes exposure on hypered Tech Pan 2415. Winds at the telescope during this exposure were measured at 7.5 mph or more.

[M32/M31/NGC 206, higher-res magnification, M. Germano]

Higher resolution view of this interesting area (cropped magnified from the image above by Martin Germano). Note the M32 portion of this image.

  • More images by Martin Germano

  • More images of M31 and M32

    Hartmut Frommert
    Christine Kronberg

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    Last Modification: 27 Apr 2001